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 Selected Publications

Top of Publications List
  1. W. Rizvi, Charles M. Drain, Patrick Moy, Matthew J. Jurow, “Solventless Synthesis, Separation and Characterization of Zinc and Free-Base Tetraphenyl Porphyrin” in Comprehensive Organic Chemistry Experiments for the Laboratory Classroom, Royal Soc. Chem. 2016. ISBN-10: 1849739633

  2. C. Xu, A. Wan, X. Gong, N. V. S. D. K. Bhupathiraju, J. D. Batteas, C. M. Drain, J. Porphyrins Phthalocyanines 2016, 20, 438–443. “Reorganization of porphyrin nanoparticle morphology driven by surface energetics”

  3. A. Pawlicki, E. Avery, M.  Jurow, B. Ewers, A. Vilan, C.M. Drain, J.D. Batteas, J. Phys: Cond. Mat. 2016, 28, 094013, 11pages. “Studies of the Structure and Phase Transitions of Nano-confined Pentanedithiol and its Applications in Directing Hierarchical Molecular Assemblies on Au(111)"

  4. N. V. S. D. K. Bhupathiraju, W. Rizvi, J. D. Batteas, C. M. Drain, Org. Biomol. Chem. 2016, 14, 389-408. "Fluorinated Porphyrinoids as Efficient Platforms for New Photonic Materials, Sensors, and Therapeutics" Cover article, DOI: 10.1039/C5OB01839K

  5. S. Singh, A. Aggarwal, N. V. S. D. K. Bhupathiraju, G. Arianna, K. Tiwari, and C.M. Drain, Chem. Rev.,  2015, 115, 10261-10306. “Glycosylated Porphyrins, Phthalocyanines, and Other Porphyrinoids for Diagnostics and Therapeutics”

  6. A. E. Schuckman, B. W. Ewers, L. H. Yu, J. P. C. Tome, L. M Perez, C. M. Drain, J. G Kushmerick, J. D. Batteas,  J. Phys. Chem. C, 2015, 119, 13569−13579. “Utilizing Nearest-Neighbor Interactions to Alter Charge Transport Mechanisms in Molecular Assemblies of Porphyrins on Surfaces”

  7. T. M. Shaffer, M. A. Wall, S. Harmsen, V. A. Longo, C. M. Drain, M. F. Kircher, J. Grimm, Nano Lett. 2015, 15, 864-868. "Silica Nanoparticles as Substrates for Chelator-free Labeling of Oxophilic Radioisotopes"

  8. S. Singh, A. Aggarwal, N. V. S. D. K. Bhupathiraju, B. Newton, A. Nafees, R. Gao, C. M. Drain, Tet. Let. 2014, 55, 6311-6314. "Synthesis and cell phototoxicity of a triply bridged fused diporphyrin appended with six thioglucose units"

  9. T. H. Hasson, A. Takaoka, R. de la Rica, H. Matsui, G. Smeureanu, C. M. Drain, A. Kawamura. Chem. Biol. Drug Des. 2014, 83, 493–497. “Immunostimulatory Lipid Nanoparticles from Herbal Medicine”

  10. A. Aggarwal, S. Thompson, S. Singh, B. Newton, A. Moore, R. Gao, X. Gu, S. Mukherjee, C.M. Drain. Photochem. Photobiol. 2014, 90, 419–430. “Photophysics of Glycosylated Derivatives of a Chlorin, Isobacteriochlorin and Bacteriochlorin for Photodynamic Theragnostics: Discovery of a Two-photon-absorbing Photosensitizer” DOI: 10.1111/php.12179,  PMID:24112086

  11. M. Jurow, A. Varotto, V. Manichev, N. A. Travlou, D. A. Giannakoudakis, C. M. Drain, RSC Adv. 2013, 3, 21360–21364, “Self-organized nanostructured materials of alkylated phthalocyanines and underivitized C60 on ITO” 10.1039/c3ra43795g; 

  12. M. Jurow, V. Manichev, C. Pabon, B. Hageman, Y. Matolina, C. M. Drain Inorg. Chem. 2013, 52, 10576-10582. “Self-Organization of Zr(IV) Porphyrinoids on Graphene Oxide Surfaces by Axial Metal Coordination” PMID:24007316

  13. I. Radivojevic, B.P. Burton-Pye, R. Saleh, K. Ithisuphalap, L. C. Francesconi, C. M. Drain, RSC Adv. 2013, 3, 2174-2177. “Ternary phthalocyanato Hf(IV) and Zr(IV) polyoxometalate complexes” PMID:22962625

  14. M. J. Jurow, B. A. Hageman, E. DiMasi, C.-Y. Nam, C. Pabon, C.T. Black, C. M. Drain, J. Mater. Chem. A 2013, 1, 1557–1565. DOI: 10.1039/C2TA00415A.  “Controlling Morphology and Molecular Packing of Alkane Substituted Phthalocyanine Blend Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells” Cover article. PMID:23589766

  15. A. Aggarwal, C. L. McConnell, and C. M. Drain, “Adaptive Organic Nanoparticles of Porphyrinoids: Synthesis and Applications” in Nanotechnology: Fundamentals, Synthesis and Characterization, S. Sinha, N. K. Navani, J. N. Govil, Eds. Studium Press LLC, New Delhi, 2013, Vol-2, Chapter-15, pp 429-454.

  16. Radivojevic, G. Bazzan, B. P. Burton-Pye, K. Ithisuphalap, R. Saleh, M. F. Durstock, L. C. Francesconi, C. M. Drain, J. Phy. Chem. C 2012, 116, 15867-15877. "Zirconium(IV) and Hafnium(IV) Porphyrin and Phthalocyanine Complexes as New Dyes for Solar Cell Devices" PMID:22962625

  17. M. Jurow, C. Farley, C. Pabon, B. Hageman, A. Dolor, C. M. Drain, Chem. Commun. 2012, 48, 4731-4733.  “Facile synthesis of a flexible tethered porphyrin dimer that preferentially complexes fullerene C70” PMID: 22488020

  18. A. Aggarwal, S. Singh, J. Samson,  C. M. Drain, Macromol. Rapid Commun. 2012, 23, 1220-1226. "Adaptive organic nanoparticles of a Teflon coated iron (III) porphyrin catalytically activate dioxygen for cyclohexene oxidation“  DOI = 10.1002/marc.201200107, PMID: 22517679

  19. A. Aggarwal, S. Singh, C.M. Drain, J. Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines 2011, 15, 1–7. “Nanoaggregates of Mn(III)tetraperfluorophenylporphyrin: a greener approach for allylic oxidation of olefins”

  20. J. Samson, I. Piscopo, A. Yampolski, P. Nahirney, A. Parpas, A. Aggarwal, R. Saleh and C. M. Drain, Nanomaterials 2011, 1, 64-78. “Fabrication of Size-Tunable Metallic Nanoparticles Using Plasmid DNA as a Biomolecular Reactor” doi:10.3390/nano1010064

  21. A. Aggarwal, S. Singh, Y. Zhang, M. Anthes, D. Samaroo, R. Gao, C.M. Drain Tetrahedron Lett., 2011, 52, 5456-5459. “Synthesis and photophysics of an octathioglycosylated zinc(II) phthalocyanine” PMID: 21966031

  22. A. Aggarwal, M. Qureshy, J. Johnson, James D. Batteas, C. M. Drain, D. Samaroo, J. Porphyrins Phthalocyanines 2011, 15, 338–349. “Responsive porphyrinoid nanoparticles: development and applications”

  23. J. Samson, P.C. Nahirney, C.M. Drain, I. Piscopo, Microscopy Today 2011, 19, 38-41. “Simplifying Electron Diffraction Pattern Identification of Mixed-Material Nanoparticles”

  24. S. Singh, A. Aggarwal, C. Farley, B.A. Hageman, J.D. Batteas and C. M. Drain Chem. Commun. 2011. 47, 7134 - 7136 “Hierarchical Organization of a Robust Porphyrin Cage Self-Assembled by Hydrogen Bonds” PMID: 21614367

  25. A.  Sahar, J. Vance, C. M. Drain J. Chem. Educ. 2011, 88, 615–618. “Lithography of Polymer Nanostructures on Glass for Teaching Polymer Chemistry and Physics” YouTube video:; PMID: 21686088

  26. A. Varotto, G. Smeureanu, A. Aggarwal, C. M. Drain, “Highly Fluorinated Porphyrins: from Ultra-thin Films to Nanoparticles in Catalysis” in ACS Symposium Series, Fluorine-related Nanoscience with Energy Applications American Chemical Society, Washington 2011. Chapter 4, pp 55-68. DOI: 10.1021/bk-2011-1064.ch004

  27. G. Bazzan, A. Aggarwal, C. M. Drain  “Electrochemical studies of Self-Organized Porphyrin-Polyoxometalate Films on ITO on Surfaces” in ACS Symposium Series, Interfaces and Interphases in Analytical Chemistry, R. Helburn, M. F. Vitha, Eds. American Chemical Society, Washington , 2011 Ch. 7, pp 167-184. DOI: 10.1021/bk-2011-1062.ch007

  28. I. Radivojevic,   M. Sfeir, C.-Y. Nam, B. P. Burton-Pye, A. Falber, C. T. Black, C. M. Drain,  Proc. IEEE: Solar Energy, 2010, 003280-003284. “Hafnium (IV) and zirconium (IV) porphyrinoid diacetate complexes as new dyes for solar cells”

  29. S. Singh, A. Aggarwal, S. Thompson, J. P. C. Tomé, X. Zhu, D. Samaroo, M. Vinodu, R. Gao,  C. M. Drain, Bioconjugate Chem. 2010, 21, 2136–2146. “Synthesis and photophysical properties of thioglycosylated- chlorins, isobacteriochlorins and bacteriochlorins for bioimaging and diagnostics” PMID: 20964323

  30. S. Nia, X. Gong, C. M. Drain, M. Jurow, W. Rizvi, M. Qureshy J. Porphyrins Phthalocyanines, 2010, 14, 621–629. “Solvent-free synthesis of meso tetraarylporphyrins in air: product diversity and yield optimization” 

  31. M.  Jurow, A. E. Schuckman, J. D. Batteas, C. M. Drain Coord.  Chem. Revs. 2010 254, 2297–2310. “Porphyrins as molecular electronic components of functional devices” PMID: 20936084

  32. A. Toschi, M. Lee, S. Thompson, N. Gadir, P. Yellen, C.M. Drain, M, Ohh, D.A. Foster, Cancer Lett. 2010, 72–79. “Phospholipase D-mTORC2 requirement for the Warburg effect in human cancer cells” PMID:20805015

  33. I. Radivojevic, A. Varotto, C. Farley, C.M. Drain Energy Env. Sci. 2010, 3, 1897–1909. Cover story. “Commercially Viable Porphyrinoid Dyes for Solar Cell Applications”  

  34. A. Varotto, C.-Y. Nam, I. Radivojevic, J. P. C. Tomé, J.A.S. Cavaleiro, C. T. Black, C. M. Drain J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 2552–2554. “Phthalocyanine Blends Improve Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells” PMID: 20136126

  35. C.M. Drain. S. Singh, “Combinatorial Chemistry of Porphyrins” in The Handbook of Porphyrin Science with Applications to Chemistry, Physics, Materials Science, Engineering, Biology and Medicine, Ch. 15, pp 485-540. World Scientific Publishers, Singapore, 2010. 

  36. I. Radivojevic, I. Likhtina, X. Shi, S. Singh, C. M. Drain Chem. Commun. 2010, 46, 1643–1645. “Self-organized nanofibers and nanorods of porphyrins bearing hydrogen bonding motifs” PMID: 20177602

  37. R. de la Rica, S. Thompson, A. Baldi, C. Fernandez-Sanchez, C. M. Drain, H. Matsui, Anal. Chem. 2009, 81, 10167–10171. “Label-Free Cancer Cell Detection with Impedimetric Transducers” PMID: 19911810

  38. G. Smeureanu, A. Aggarwal, C. E. Soll, J. Arijeloye, Erik Malave, C. M. Drain Chem. Eur. J. 2009, 15, 12133 – 12140. “Enhanced Catalytic Activity and Unexpected Products from the Oxidation of Cyclohexene by Organic Nanoparticles of 5,10,15,20-Tetrakis-(2,3,4,5,6-pentafluorophenyl)porphyrinatoiron (III) in Water by Using O2” PMID: 19777510

  39. C. M. Drain, S. Singh, D. Samaroo, S. Thompson, M. Vinodu, J. P. C. Tome, Proc. Soc. Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers-SPIE 2009, 7380, 73902K-1-9. “New Porphyrin  Glyco-conjugates” 

  40. A. Falber, B. P. Burton-Pye, I. Radivojevic, L. Todaro, R. Saleh, L. C. Francesconi, C. M. Drain Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2009, 2459–2466. “Ternary Porphyrinato Hf(IV) and Zr(IV) Polyoxometalate Complexes”

  41. C.M. Drain, A. Varotto, I. Radivojevic Chem. Reviews 2009, 109, 1630–1658. “Self-Organized Porphyrinic Materials” PMID: 19253946 (Featured on cover)

  42. J. Samson, A. Varotto, P. C. Nahirney, A. Toschi, I. Piscopo, C. M. Drain, ACS Nano 2009, 3 339-344. “Fabrication of Metal Nanoparticles Using Toroidal Plasmid DNA as a Sacrificial Mold” PMID: 19236069

  43. A. Varotto, L. Todaro, M. Vinodu, J. Koehne, G.-y. Liu, C.M. Drain, Chem. Com. 2008, 4921-4923. “Self-organization of a new fluorous porphyrin and C60 films on indium-tin-oxide electrodes” PMID: 18931739

  44. S. Thompson,  X. Chen, L. Hui, A. Toschi, D. A. Foster, C.M. Drain, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 2008, 7, 1415-1421. “Low Concentrations of a non-hydrolysable tetra-S-glycosylated porphyrin and low light induces apoptosis in human breast cancer cells via stress of the endoplasmic reticulum” PMID: 18958330

  45. N. Stevens, N. O’Connor, H. Vishwasrao. D. Samaroo, E.R. Kandel, D.L. Akins, C.M. Drain, N.J. Turro, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2008,  130, 7182-7183.  “Two Color RNA Intercalating Probe for Cell Imaging Applications” PMID: 18489094

  46. W. K. Serem, A. Varotto, G. Castro, C. M. Drain, J. C. Garno NOBCChE Proceedings 2008, 2-9. “Investigation of the Vibrational Response of Individual Nanoparticles using AFM with Magnetic Sample Modulation”

  47. Y.-H. Chan, A.E. Schuckman, L.M. Perez, M. Vinodu, C.M. Drain, J.D. Batteas, J. Phys. Chem. C., 2008; 112, 6110-6118. “Synthesis and Characterization of a Thiol-tethered Tripyridyl Porphyrin on Au(111)”

  48. G. Bazzan, W. Smith, L.C. Francesconi, C.M. Drain, Langmuir, 2008, 24, 3244-3249. “Electrostatic Self-Organization of Robust Porphyrin-Polyoxometalate Films” PMID: 18321141

  49. A. Falber, L. Todaro, I. Goldberg, M.V. Favilla, C. M. Drain Inorg. Chem. 2008, 47, 454-467 “Routes to New Hafnium(IV)Tetra-aryl Porphyrins and Crystal Structures of Unusual Phosphate, Sulfate, and Peroxide Bridged Dimers” PMID: 18088113

  50. T.S. Balaban, N. Berova, C.M. Drain, R. Hauschild, H. Kalt, S. Lebedkin, J.-M. Lehn, X. Huang, F. Nifaitis, G. Pescitelli, V.I. Prokhorenko, G. Riedel, G. Smeureanu, J. Zeller, Chem. Eur. J. 2007, 13, 8411-8427. “Syntheses and Energy Transfer in Multiporphyrin Arrays Self-Assembled with Hydrogen Bonding Recognition Groups: Towards Artificial Light-Harvesting Devices” PMID: 17645286

  51. D. Samaroo, M. Vinodu, X. Chen, C.M. Drain, J. Combi. Chem. 2007, 9, 998-1011. “Meso-tetra(pentafluorophenyl)porphyrin is an Efficient Platform for Combinatorial Synthesis, and the Selection of New Photodynamic Therapeutics using a Cancer Cell Line” PMID: 17877415

  52. C. M. Drain, G. Smeureanu,  S. Patel, X. Gong, J. Garno, J. Arijeloye, New J. Chem. 2006, 30, 1834-1843.  “Porphyrin Nanoparticles as Supramolecular Systems” 

  53. D. Samaroo, C. E. Soll, L. J. Todaro, C. M. Drain Org. Lett. 2006, 8, 4985 – 4988. “Efficient microwave-assisted synthesis of amine substituted pentafluorophenylporphyrin” PMID: 17048824

  54. K.F. Cheng, N. A. Thai, L. C. Teague, K. Grohmann,  C.M. Drain, Inorg. Chem. 2006, 45, 6928-6932. “Tessellation of Porphyrazines with Porphyrins by Design” PMID: 16903751

  55. J. M. Helt, C. M. Drain, G Bazzan. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2006, 128(29); 9371-9377. “Stamping Patterns of Insulated Gold Nanowires with Self-Organized Ultrathin Polymer Films” PMID: 16848472

  56. J.C. Garno, C. Xu, G. Bazzan, J. D. Batteas, C. M. Drain, ACS Symposium series: Metal-Containing and Metallo-Supramolecular Polymers and Materials, U.S. Schubert, G.R. Newcome, I. Manners eds. 2006, 928, 168-183; American Chemical Society, Washington, DC. Book Chapter: “Designing Supramolecular Porphyrin Arrays for Surface Assembly and Patterning of Optoelectronic Materials”

  57. C. Xu, T. Wu, C. M. Drain, J. D. Batteas, M. J. Fasolka, K. L. Beers, Macromolecules, 2006, 39, 3359-3364. “Effect of Block Length on Solvent Response of Block Copolymer Brushes: Combinatorial Study with Block Copolymer Brush Gradients”

  58. M. Vittadello, P. E. Stallworth, F. M. Alamgir, S. Suarez, S. Abbrent, C. M. Drain, V. Di Noto, S. G. Greenbaum, Inorg. Chim. Acta 2006, 339, 2513-2518.  "Polymeric d-MgCl2 nanoribbons" 

  59. C. Xu, T. Wu, J. D. Batteas, C. M. Drain, K. L. Beers, M. J. Fasolka, Applied Surface Science, 2006, 252 (7), 2529-2534. "Surface-grafted block copolymer gradients: Effect of block length on solvent response"

  60. C. Xu, T. Wu, Y. Mei, C.M. Drain, J.D. Batteas, K. L. Beers, Langmuir, 2005; 21, 11136-11140. “Synthesis and Characterization of Tapered Copolymer Brushes via Surface-Initiated Atom Transfer Radical Copolymerization” PMID: 16285782

  61. K.F. Cheng, N.A. Thai, L.C. Teague, K. Grohmann, C.M. Drain, Chem. Comm. 2005, 4678-4680. “Supramolecular squares of porphyrazines” PMID: 16175290

  62. C.M. Drain, G. Bazzan, T. Milic, M. Vinodu, J. C. Goeltz. Israel J. Chem. 2005, 45, 255-269. Formation and Applications of Stable 10 nm to 500 nm Supramolecular Porphyrinic Materials

  63. C. Xu, T. Wu, C. M. Drain, J. D. Batteas, K. L. Beers Macromolecules 2005, 38, 6-8. “Microchannel Confined Surface-Initiated Polymerization”

  64. C.M. Drain, I. Goldberg, I. Sylvain, A. Falber Top. Curr. Chem. 2005, 245, 55–88. “Synthesis and Applications of Supramolecular Porphyrinic Materials”

  65. X. Chen and C.M. Drain, Drug Design Reviews - Online, 2004, 1(3), 215-234. Bentham Science Publishers Ltd. ( ) “Photodynamic Therapy Using Carbohydrate Conjugated Porphyrins”

  66. X. Chen, L. Hui, D. A. Foster, C. M. Drain,  Biochemistry 2004, 43, 10918-10929. "Efficient Synthesis and Photodynamic Activity of Porphyrin-Saccharide Conjugates: Targeting and Incapacitating Cancer Cells” PMID: 15323552

  67. C. Xu, T. Wu, C. M. Drain, J. D. Batteas, K. L. Beers ACS Polymer Reprints, 2004, 45(2), 667-668.  “Synthesis of Gradient Copolymer Brushes via Surface Initiated Atom Transfer Radical Copolymerization”

  68. C.M. Drain, T. Milic, J. C. Garno, G. Smeureanu, J.D. Batteas  ACS Polymer Reprints 2004, 45(1), 346-347.  "Organizing Self-Assembled Porphyrin Arrays On Metal And Glass Surfaces"

  69. T. Milic, J. C. Garno, G. Smeureanu, J. D. Batteas, C. M. Drain, Langmuir, 2004, 20, 3974-3983 ‘Self-Organization of Self-Assembled Tetrameric Porphyrin Arrays on Surfaces” PMID: 15969388

  70. C.M. Drain, G. Smeareanu, J.D. Batteas, S. Patel. Book chapter: Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology, “Self-assembled Porphyrin Arrays on Surfaces,” Vol 5. pp3481-3502. J.A. Schwartz, C.I. Contescu, K. Putyera, Eds.; Marcel Dekker, Inc. New York, 2004.

  71. J. M. Helt, C. M. Drain, J. D. Batteas, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136, 2004, 628-634. “A Bench Top Method for the Fabrication and Patterning of Nanoscale Structures on Polymers” PMID: 14719962

  72. C.M. Drain, X. Chen. Book chapter: Encyclopedia of Nanoscience & Nanotechnology “Self-Assembled Porphyrinic Nanoarchitectures” Vol. 9, pp593-616. H.S. Nalwa Edt., American Scientific Press, 2004.

  73. J. L. Retsek, C. M. Drain, C. Kirmaier,D. J. Nurco, C. J. Medforth, K. M. Smith,  V. S. Chirvony, J. Fajer, D. Holten. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 9787-9800.  ”Photoinduced Axial Ligation and Deligation Dynamics of Nonplanar Nickel Dodecaarylporphyrins” PMID: 12904044

  74. C.M. Drain, K.F. Cheng, K. Grohmann Inorg. Chem. 2003, 42, 2075-2083. ”Porphyrins Linked Directly to the 5,5’ Positions of 2, 2’- Bipyridine: A New Supramolecular Building Block and Switch” PMID: 12639144

  75. X. Gong, T. Milic, C. Xu, J. D. Batteas, C. M. Drain J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2002, 124, 14290-14291. “Preparation and characterization of porphyrin nanoparticles” PMID: 12452687

  76. C.M. Drain, J.T. Hupp, K Suslick, M. Waseleiwski, X. Chen J. Porph. Phthal.  2002, 6243-258.  “A perspective on four new porphyrin-based functional materials and devices”

  77. T. N. Milic, N. Chi, D. G. Yablon, G. W. Flynn, J. D. Batteas, C. M. Drain Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 2002, 41, 2117-2119. “Controlled Hierarchical Self-Assembly and Deposition of Nanoscale Photonic Materials” PMID: 19746614

  78. C.M. Drain Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA, 2002, 99, 5178-5182. “Self-organization of self-assembled photonic materials into functional devices: Photo-switched conductors” PMID: 11943850

  79. C.M. Drain, J.D. Batteas, G.W. Flynn, T. Milic, N. Chi, D.G. Yablon, H. Sommers.  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA  2002, 99, 6498-6502.  “Self-assembly of Supramolecular Porphyrin Arrays that Self-Organize into Nanoscale Optical and Magnetic Materials” PMID: 11880598

  80. X. Shi, K. M. Barkigia, J. Fajer, C. M. Drain, J. Org. Chem. 2001, 66, 6513-6522. “Design and Synthesis of Porphyrins Bearing Rigid Hydrogen Bonding Motifs: Highly Versatile Building Blocks for Self-Assembly of Polymers and Discrete Arrays” PMID: 11578199

  81. P. Pasetto, X. Chen, C. M. Drain, R.W. Franck, Chem. Commun, 2001, 82-83.  “Synthesis of hydrolytically stable porphyrin C- and S- glycoconjugates in high yields”

  82. X. Shi, F. Nifiatis, T. Milic, and C. M. Drain, Chem. Commun. 2001, 287-288. “Self-assembled multiporphyrin arrays mediated by self-complementary quadruple hydrogen bond motifs” (addendum 2001). 

  83. C. M. Drain, X. Gong, V. Ruta, C. E. Soll, and P. F. Chicoineau J. Combin. Chem. 1999, 1, 286-290. “Combinatorial Synthesis and Modification of Functional Porphyrin Libraries: Identification of New, Amphipathic Motifs for Biomolecule Binding” PMID: 10748737

  84. C.M. Drain, F. Nifiatis, A. Vasenko, J. Batteas, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 1998, 37, 2344-2347. Ibid. Angew. Chem. 1998, 110, 2474.  Porphyrin tessellation by design:  Metal mediated self-assembly of large arrays and tapes.  See “Materials to Meet Tomorrow’s Challenges” Cover story of C&E News 1998, page 35-44, June 8.

  85. C.M. Drain, S. Gentemann, J.A. Roberts, N.Y. Nelson, C.J. Medforth, S. Jai, M.C. Simpson, K.M. Smith, J. Fajer, J.A. Shelnutt, and D. Holten.  J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1998, 120, 3781-3791.  “Picosecond to microsecond photodynamics of a nonplanar nickel porphyrin: Solvent dielectric and temperature effects.”

  86. C.M. Drain and X. Gong. Chem. Commun. 1997, 2117-2118.  “Synthesis of meso substituted porphyrins in air without solvents or catalysts”

  87. C. M. Drain, C. Kirmaier, C. Medforth, D. Nurco, K.M. Smith, and D. Holten.  J. Phys. Chem. 1996, 100 11983-11993.  “Dynamic photophysical properties of conformationally distorted nickel(II) porphyrins 1.  Nickel(II) dodecaphenylporphyrin.”

  88. C.M. Drain, K.C. Russell, and J.-M. Lehn. J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun. 1996, 337-338.  “Self-assembly of a multi-porphyrin supramolecular macrocycle by hydrogen-bond molecular recognition.”

  89. C.M. Drain and J.-M. Lehn. Chem. Commun. 1994, 2313-2315.  “Self-assembly of square multiporphyrin arrays by metal ion coordination.” Corrigenda 1995, 503.

  90. C.M. Drain, D. Wade, P. Fehlner, and R.B. Merrifield. 13th Amer. Pept. Symp. 1993, S2, 93.  “The role of lysine-7 in the voltage gating, ion selectivity, and hemolytic activity of melettin pores.”

  91. C.M. Drain, R. Fischer, E. Nolen, and J.-M. Lehn.  J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun. 1993, 243-245.  “Self-assembly of a bis-porphyrin cage induced by molecular recognition between complementary hydrogen bonding sites.”

  92. C.M. Drain and D. Mauzerall. Biophys. J. 1992, 63, 1556-1563.  “Photogating of ionic currents across the lipid bilayer:  Hydrophobic ion conduction by an ion chain mechanism.” PMID: 1489913

  93. D. Mauzerall and C.M. Drain. Biophys. J. 1992, 63, 1544-1555.  “Photogating of ionic currents across the lipid bilayer:  Electrostatics of ions and dipoles inside the membrane.” PMID: 1489912

  94. C.M. Drain and D. Mauzerall.  Bioelectrochem. Bioenerg. 1990, 24, 263-266.  “An example of a working Charge Sensitive Ion Conductor (CSIC).”

  95. D. Wade, A. Boman, B. Wåhlin, C.M. Drain, D. Andreu, H.G. Boman, and R.B. Merrifield. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA 1990, 87, 4761-4765.  “All-D amino acid channel-forming antibiotic peptides.” PMID: 1693777

  96. C.M. Drain, D. Sable, and B.B. Corden. Inorg. Chem. 1990, 29, 1428-1433.  “The reactivity of 1,4,7,10,13-pentaazacyclohexadecane-14,16-dionato(2-) nickel(II) towards derivatives of methyl-coenzyme-M.”

  97. C.M. Drain and B.B. Corden. Inorg. Chem. 1989, 28, 4374-4376.  “Synthesis and characterization of copper(II)  5,10,15,20-tetrakis(2,6-dipivalamidophenyl)porphyrin:  a bis-picket-fence porphyrin.”

  98. C.M. Drain, B. Christensen, and D. Mauzerall. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA 1989, 86, 6959-6962.  “Photogating of ionic currents across the lipid bilayer.” PMID: 2476808

  99. C.M. Drain, D. Sable, and B.B. Corden, Inorg. Chem. 1988, 27, 2396-2398. “Nickel(II) dioxo[16]ane-N5  induced methane formation from methyl-coenzyme-M.”

  100. C.M. Drain and B.B. Corden, J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 441-443.  “Reversible oxygenation of oxygen transport proteins.”





  • M. A. Wall, S. Harmsen, L. Zhang, C. M. Drain, and M. F. Kircher.  “Surfactant-Free Synthesis of Anisotropic Gold Nanoparticles: Kinetics Govern Morphology” Nature



  1. C.M. Drain, J. Chem. Educ. “Self-assembly and self-organization of porphyrinic materials as a pedagogical platform in physical organic chemistry”

  2. C.M. Drain and D. Mauzerall. “Electrostatics of ions and dipoles inside membranes:  contributions of lipid structures and water to the inner membrane potential.” (revisions)



  1. RF-CUNY provisionally patented several results from the combinatorial chemistry work for use as new Photo Dynamic Therapeutics

  2. X. Shi:  Patent for the synthetic route to 2,6-diamino-4-alkyl-pyridines and its applications, 2002

  3. X. Gong: patent for the formation of organic nanoparticles, 2004

  4. J. Helt: nano-imprint lithography provisional, 2004

  5. J. Helt: nano-impriont lithography, 2005


Reports on Our Work

  1. ACS website on the international year of chemistry 2011 in the New Jersey newspaper Hunterdon County Democrat

  1. U.S. National Science Foundation, Division of Chemistry: “Realignment of the Division of Chemistry Programs” May 2009 featured as an example of “Macromolecular, Supramolecular and Nanochemistry” 

  2. V. Gilman, Chemical & Engineering News June, 2004. “On Equal Ground” a story about diversity in the Drain lab at Hunter College

  3. Nature Nanoparticles of porphyrins, 2003.

  4. Half hour television interview on “Science and the Written Word” Hosted by Prof. Lou Massa of the City University of New York, aired April 28, 2000.

  5. Porphyrin Handbook, Vol. 6, Chapter 40. “Noncovalent porphyrin assemblies” by J.-C. Chambron, V. Heitz, J.-P. Sauvage. K.M. Kadish, K.M. Smith, R. Guilard, eds. Academic Press, NY, 2000.

  6. Porphyrin Handbook, Vol. 6 Chapter 41. “Applications of porphyrins and metalloporphyrins to materials chemistry” by J.-H. Chou, M.E. Kosel, H.S. Nalwa, N.A. Rakow, K.S. Suslick. K.M. Kadish, K.M. Smith, R. Guilard, eds. Academic Press, NY, 2000. 

  7. Porphyrin Handbook, Vol. 6 Chapter 57. “Porphyrin and metalloporphyrins as receptor models in molecular recognition” by H. Ogoshi, T. Mizutani, T. Hayashi, Y. Kuroda.  K.M. Kadish, K.M. Smith, R. Guilard, eds. Academic Press, NY, 2000.

  8. Supramolecular Chemistry, J. Atwood, Academic Press, NY 2001.

  9. Concepts & Perspectives in Supramolecular Chemistry, J.-.M. Lehn, Wiley, 1998. 

  10. J. Emsley, Science Watch Jan/Feb, 1999, 7. “Its almost magic! A self-assembling molecular jigsaw puzzle” part of the “What’s Hot in Chemistry” series on top 10 most cited papers in chemistry in 1999.

  11. A. Vlcek, Chemtracts-Inorg. Chem. 1998, 11, 873-878.  “Picosecond to microsecond photodynamics of a nonplanar nickel porphyrin:  solvent dielectric and temperature effects”

  12. R. Dagani, Chemical & Engineering News June, 1998. “Materials to Meet Tomorrow’s Challenges” cover story

  13. D.C. Mauzerall, The Spectrum  1992,  5, 1-6. (Center for Photochemical Sciences, Bowling Green State Univ.) “The study of ionic conductance in lipid bilayers by photoinduced interfacial charge transfer”


Published Letters:

Chemical & Engineering News, Oct. 17, 2011. Topic: Sezen/Sames at Columbia

Chemical & Engineering News, July 31, 2006.  Topic:  Chemistry majors.

Chemical & Engineering News, July 2007. Topic: Open Source journals.


YouTube Videos

YouTube videos that feature Hunter College graduate and undergraduate students describing their research. Produced by C.M. Drain


A new method to synthesize gold, nickel, and cobalt nanoparticles at room temperature (2011):


New ideas for solar cell dyes part 1 (2011):


New ideas for solar cells part 2 (2011):


Photodynamic Therapeutics, Diagnostics, and Trackers for Cancer (2011):


New Green Catalysts for Green Chemistry (2011):



On line reports and posters

30 Years of Porphyrinoid Chemistry  10.13140/RG.2.1.1939.6568

New Biomedical Directions in Porphyrin and Phthalocyanine Chemistry  10.13140/RG.2.1.5019.8482

Research: Self-Organized Porphyrin & Phthalocyanine Materials


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